Liar Game

Shinichi Akiyama is thrusted to a game of deceit as he helps out the naive Kanzaki Nao.

The first game was a one-on-one but the remaining games and rounds are 1 vs all and grouped. This is a good series to discuss psychological and sociological theories.

Have you seen the Liar Game Series? How do you find it? Share your thoughts at the comment section. 

Liar Game

And by the way, there a korean version of this TV Show

Abouttheuglywriter

theuglywriter is a sociologist, a writer and a communications specialist, all in that order :-P He founded this literary magazine due to his first project nuworldlit.wordpress.com which went by the same name (now called Litera).
  • Andrea Yalung

    Yalung, Andrea – MAR142
    1. Implicit/ Non-Material
    2. Traits
    3. Used to deceive someone

  • patrick08

    Non-Material
    Perlas,Patrick P.
    Arc 133

  • Chiara Navarro

    CHIARA M.JUANICO MAR142
    1.Implicit/Non Material
    2.Norm
    3.THE CARD OF JOKER because they fool people

  • Mareill Galicia Magno

    Magno, Marylyn
    (MAR142)
    implicit
    traits
    mind game

  • Andrei Marie Hidalgo

    Hidalgo, Andrei Marie P.
    Non-material – Arc133

  • Marie Velasco-Africa

    Africa, Maria Mediatrix – ARC 132 – National University

    A. 3 Japanese Cultures:
    -Bowing (Nao Kanzaki bows to Akiyama Shinichi and Mr. Fujisawa)
    One of the most obvious social conventions is the bow. Everyone bows when they say hello, goodbye, thank you or sorry. Bowing is a term of respect, remorse, gratitude and greeting.

    -Respect (Nao Kanzaki talks to Mr. Fujisawa as Fujisawa-san)
    The suffix “san” is often used when you refer to someone else and is a term of respect. If referring to Mr/Mrs Suzuki, you would say, “Suzuki-san”. However, you would never refer to yourself as “-san” and would only use your name on its own.

    -Tatami (Scene inside Mr. Fujisawa’s house)
    Tatami are soft mat floors that are found in Japanese houses, temples, shrines and businesses such as ryokan. They are an important part of the traditional Japanese lifestyle of sitting and sleeping close to the floor. For this reason, it’s common for new houses and apartments to have a single tatami room.

    B. How was Cognitive Dissonance used?
    Nao Kanzaki and Akiyama Shinichi made sure that Mr. Fujisawa was uncomfortable by letting him know and feel that he was constantly watched. Thus he changed his behavior by staying indoors day and night while watching over the safe box filled with money due to Psychological stress.

    C. Japanese Cultures present in our culture:
    1. Shotengai (Scene where they Akiyama Shinichi told Nao Kanzaki to wait in the middle of the street for the whole night)
    Shotengai is a style of shopping street that is often covered by a roof and they are usually filled with old family run businesses. Most have a distinctly 1980s feel to them.
    Shotengai could be related to us because we have similar stores such as Divisoria/Baclaran that are very similar to the Shotengai.

    2. Respect (Nao Kanzaki talks to Fujisawa-san)
    Respect is always shown in our Filipino culture by using “po” or “opo” similar to the japanese culture which respects their elders or the person they are talking to.

  • jenalie osida

    jenalie osida-MAR142
    1.Implicit
    2. traits
    3. “the lucky charm”

  • Marynel Castañeda Balisi

    Balisi, Marynel C. (Mar142)
    -implicit
    -traits
    -“The science of game”

  • Maria Maise Ann Apigo

    Apigo, Maria Maise Ann D. (Mar142)
    1. Implicit
    2. Traits
    3. “The Game Tricks” because they make unwise actions with others.

  • Clarence Anne Bituin

    Bituin, Clarence Anne R. (MAR142)
    1. Implicit
    2. Traits
    3. Battle of the brains

  • Kirby Cayago

    Cayago, Jose Kirby D. (ARC – 132)

    Liar Game Assignment

    A.

    -Japanes Mask (The head of organization communicates through television/recorded tapes)

    Japan has dozens of traditional masks for battle, theatre, rituals and celebrations. It encompasses its people, creatures, devil, ghosts, and animals. Some of the Japanese masks are Gigaku, Bugaku, Gyodo, Tengu, Kappa, Noh, Kyōgen, Shinto, Kagura, Kitsune, Hyottoko, Oni, Kabuki, Samurai, Kendo and Animegao masks.

    -Mama Chari (Scene of Police officer mode of transportation)

    Mama Chari, literally “mother’s chariot”, are an old fashioned style bicycle choice of Japanese. They are typically single gear with a basket and build in lock system. Mama Chari are practical for the Japanese lifestyle of getting to the train station in the morning and returning in the evening with a few daily groceries.

    -Bowing (Nao Kanzaki bows to Akiyama Shinichi and Mr. Fujisawa)

    Bowing is a term of respect, remorse, gratitude and greeting for Japanese. It is one of the most obvious social gesture when they say hello, goodbye, thank you or sorry.

    B.

    Nao Kanzaki and Akiyama Shinichi strategy is to let Mr. Fujisawa experience mental stress by letting him know that she’s willing to make her revenge by frequently observing him. It was indeed the mental stress to Mr. Fujisawa is effective. His behavior changed by staying indoors guarding the vault.

    C.

    1. Shodo (Scene where Akiyama Shinichi received mails from the Liar game organization)

    Shodo is the Japanese art of calligraphy. Most Japanese people have studied it and have an appreciation for it. It can be compared to our own “baybayin”, just like Japanese some Filipinos also manage to practice the art of baybayin. It is also mandated by our law to exercise and to be taught in schools.

    2. Respect (Nao Kanzaki talks to Fujisawa-san)

    Using “po” or “opo” and making bless / mano with the hands of elderly is the sign of respect that is traditionally shown for us Filipinos similar to the Japanese people where bowing is one of the distinctive sign of respect to their elders or the person they are talking to.

  • Kathleen Solis

    Solis, Kathleen Mae O. (ARC 133)
    Non-Material

  • Mar Mike Jimenez

    Non-Material JIMENEZ, Mar Mike (ARC 133)

  • Ced Mapuyan

    Mapuyan, John Cedrick D. , ARC133 Non Material

  • Bey Antipolo

    Bea Antipolo | non-material

  • Sheila Ann Surio

    Surio, Sheila Ann D. (Mar142)

    1. Implicit/Non material
    2.Culture: Traits
    3. “Creative minds at play”

  • Maria Maise Ann Apigo

    Apigo, Maria Maise Ann D. (Mar142)
    1. Implicit
    2. Traits
    3. “The Game Tricks” because the make unwise actions with others.

  • John Zaldivar

    Zaldivar, John Alfred A. (ARC 132)
    A. Japanese Culture

    1. Mr. Fujisawa bowed to Nao Kanzaki for forgiveness. Japan has a rich tradition of bowing for greetings, rituals, ceremonies and apology. There are several styles of bow that range from a casual greeting to a sincere and dramatic apology.

    2. Policeman wears complete uniform. Japan has held on to uniforms in professions that have discarded them in many western countries. It is common for Japanese employees to view a uniform as a perk rather than a burden. The universal presence of elaborate uniforms in Japan is one of the country’s charms.

    3. Tatami at the house of Nao Kanzaki and Mr. Fujisawa. Tatami are soft mat floors that are found in Japanese houses, temples, shrines and businesses such as ryokan. They are an important part of the traditional Japanese lifestyle of sitting and sleeping close to the floor.

    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?

    Nao and Akiyama use a psychological trick that will keep Mr. Fujisawa inside his room and put him on a mental stress and fear. Putting Mr. Fujisawa under so much pressure from constant observation made him change his behavior throughout the round and fail

    at the very last moment.

    C. Japanese Cultures present in our culture

    1. Some of the contenders (No. 7 Sajima Kenta, No. 14 Sugawara Yuji) had financial problems so they’ve take the risk of joining the tournament and eventually used up the prize money for their family after winning the first round. Same with our culture, Filipinos are willing to do everything to earn money for their families.

    2. Nao has so much respect to her former junior high school teacher, Mr. Fujisawa. (Nao shows respect by bowing) Similar to our culture, we Filipinos also respect our elders by traditionally showing gesture of “Pagmamano”.

  • Eladarl Gerdaine Dait

    Dait, Eladarl Gerdaine H. (ARC 132)
    A. 3 Distinct Japanese Culture
    1. Japanese don’t usually turn down someone’s request because it causes embarrassment to the other person like for instance, the police had no power to get back the one million yen that Mr. Fujisawa have stolen from the naive and wholesome lady, however, for Kanzaki not to feel sorry for herself, the police officer suggested Kanzaki to talk to Mr. Akiyama, known as swindler and a master’s degree in psychology to help her take the money back.

    2. Greetings in japan are very formal and ritualized, it is important for the Japanese to show the correct amount of respect. The deeper they bow the more respect you show, same thing with the apology. Mr. fujisawa bowed to Kanzaki for kindness and forgiveness.

    3.Japanese educational system emphasize the interdependent of all people, they are raised not to be independent but rather to work together as one. Since the liar games was all about strategy and trust, Mr. Akiyama studied the psychological behavior of their opponents and planned to have a unity, their own group that will be divided into two in every questions of minority challenge.

    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?

    Cognitive dissonance is a mental discomfort. Mr, Akiyama and Kanzaki deceived Mr. Fujisawa by telling him that they have planned something to get the one million yen back, and by that , they made him a prisoner of his own house which is the main goal of Mr. Akiyama . He put Mr. Fujisawa into psychological stress.

    C. Japanese Culture present on our culture

    1. The japanese gesture for respecting others especially elders is a similar way of Filipino culture in respecting and accepting a blessing from the elders. Filipino gesture called hand-kissing or “mano”/ “pagmamano” in tagalog.

    2. Japanese people tend to attach honorific to the names of the other person they’re talking to, like “san/ chan” “kun” , “sama” and etc, same as the Filipino people, they put “ate”, “kuya”, “sir.” and etc before the names of the other person as a sign of respect also.

  • April Sibulo San Ramon

    San Ramon, April Joy S (ARC 132)

    A. 3 Distinct Japanese Culture

    -Mama Chari (Scene with the Police officer method of transportation)
    Mama Chari, also known as the “mother’s chariot”, are an antiquated style of bike for the Japanese. They are commonly single rigging with a wicker bin and work in bolt framework. Mama Chari are pragmatic for the Japanese way of life of getting to the train station in the morning and returning at night with a couple of every day staple goods.

    -Use of Tatami mats at the house of Nao Kanzaki
    Tatami mats are thick, woven straw mats that measure about one by two meters in size. Originally a luxury that only the wealthy could afford, tatami gradually became more common and can now be found in virtually all traditional Japanese homes. Tatami mats have been so integral to Japanese homes, that the size of rooms in Japan is commonly measured by the number of mats that would fit it

    -The use of suffixes as a sign of respect
    Japanese people attaching suffixes like “-san”, “-kun” to the end of the given name or family name. These suffixes or rather titles are used to show the kind of relationship between the people.

    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?

    Cognitive Dissonance was portrayed as a mental inconvenience when Mr, Akiyama and Kanzaki tricked Mr. Fujisawa by revealing to him that they have arranged something to recover the one million yen, and by that , they made him stayed inside of his house which is the principle objective of Mr. Akiyama . They are the cause why Mr. Fujisawa experienced mental anxiety.

    C. Japanese Culture present on our culture

    -When greeting someone, Japanese people tend to attach “HONORIFICS” to the names of the other person they’re talking to. For example, “San” is the most common honorific used usually between people with the same age because this is a gender-neutral honorific. Whilein the Philippines,we tend to use “kuya”, “ate”, “manong”, or “manang”

    -In terms of food and their way of eating, both nationalities prefer eating rice three times a day and they consider breakfast as the most important meal of the day.

  • Earl Santos

    Santos, Earl Joseph A. (ARC132)

    A.3 Distinct Japanese culture
    1. Tatami
    – Tatami are delicate tangle floors that are found in Japanese houses, sanctuaries, places of worship and organizations, for example, ryokan. They are an essential piece of the conventional Japanese way of life of sitting and resting near the floor.
    2. Bowing
    – In the Japanese bow, the bower expresses appreciation and respect to the person being bowed to by bending at the waist. This is a gesture widely used in tandem with greetings like “ohayo gozaimasu” (good morning) and “konnichi wa” (hello, good afternoon) as well as words of gratitude or apology.
    3. Suffix on their names
    – The Japanese language uses a broad array of honorific suffixes for addressing or referring to people. These honorifics attach to the end of people’s names, as in Akiyama-san where the honorific -san is attached to the name Akiyama. These honorifics are often gender-neutral, but some imply a more endearing context (such as -chan) while others imply a more revering one (such as -kun).
    B.How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against mr. fujisawa
    Nao and Akiyama utilize a mental trap that will keep Mr. Fujisawa inside his room and put him on a mental anxiety and dread. Putting Mr. Fujisawa under pressure from watching him all day to panic and stay on guard to the vault so Akiyama can change the letter and fake it.
    C.Japanese Culture present on our culture
    – The japanese bowing tradition for respecting others particularly in elders is a comparable method for Filipino culture pagmamano.

  • Vin Romero

    Romero,ErvIn Charles H. (ARC132)
    A.3 Distinct Japanese culture
    1. Bowing
    – Japanese always bow in any aspect. In other people or other country bow means you respect or being polite but in Japanese even they are sad or being treated bad by others even when they are mad to someone or even cursing them they bow like when the girl accept the challenge to play the game.
    2. Sitting Seiza
    -Seiza is a traditional way to sit on Japanese tatami floors. It’s considered the appropriate way to sit at formal occasions such as rituals at a Shinto Shrine. It’s also widely used in Japanese martial arts where posture may be strictly corrected. The average person finds seiza challenging to hold for long periods of time. Older people and anyone who isn’t practiced at it find it extremely difficult and are typically forgiven if they need to sit with their legs in front of them.
    3. Suffix on their names
    -Japanese honorifics : the use of ~san ,~kun , ~chan and ~sama. … These honorifics are gender-neutral and can be attached to first names as well as surnames. When addressing or referring to someone by name in Japanese, an honorific suffix is usually used with the name.
    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against mr. fujisawa
    Nao plan is playing mind games to trap Mr. Fujisawa to return the money to Akiyama but Mr. Fujisawa turn down the offer. then Nao plan to trick Fujisawa he make Fujisawa on mental anxiety and pressure by just observing him all day and giving no a smile and being calm to Mr. Fujisawa so that when the day come he well be off guard when Nao give a fake letter.
    C.Japanese Culture present on our culture
    – Always bowing to other people to show respect.

  • Charles Golamco

    Golamco, Christian Charles Louie M. (ARC 132)

    A. 3 Distinct Japanese Culture
    -Bowing of heads
    Bowing of heads in Japan is a sign of respect. People greet each other by bowing. A bow can ranges from a small nod of the head to a deep bend at the waist. A deeper, longer bow indicates respect and conversely a small nod with the head is casual and informal.

    -Tatami Floor Mats
    Tatami floor mat is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms. Traditionally made using rice straw to form the core, the cores of contemporary tatami are sometimes composed of compressed wood chip boards or polystyrene foam. It has been used for years by Japanese and was never removed from their house design.

    -Japanese House Name Plates
    For other countries, it is unusual to use the owner’s family name on their home. They would rather use street numbers. In Japan, they create a name plate of the owner’s family name and hang outside the house, a substitute for street numbers.

    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?
    -Mr. Fujisawa has revealed to Ms. Kanzaki and Mr. Akiyama that the money is well hidden in a safe. He ensured victory in such action but since it did not surprise Mr. Akiyama, Mr. Fujisawa did not enjoy long. Knowing that the safe cannot be opened magically nor be opened by smashing, Mr. Fujisawa still felt afraid that Ms. Kanzaki and Mr. Akiyama would break the safe and safely steal the cash.

    C.Japanese Culture present on our culture
    -Respect
    Respect can be widely seen on both Japan and Philippines. In Japan, they bow their heads, attach suffixes such as “-san” and “-kun” when calling people, and respect the elder. In the Philippines, people uses “kuya” and “ate” on people even if they are not their brother nor sister. Filipinos also “mano” to the elderly as sign of respect.

    -Removing of shoes when entering one’s house
    Both Japanese and Filipinos remove their footwear whenever they enter someone’s house. It is another sign of respect for the owners.

  • Fredrick Pilao

    Pilao, John Fredrick R. (ARC 132)
    A. 3 Distinct Japanese Culture
    1. Bowing of Head
    Japanese people greet each other by bowing as a sign of respect. A deeper and longer bow indicates more respect.

    2. Tatami Mats
    Tatami are soft mat floors that are found in Japanese houses, temples, shrines. Rooms in japanese houses are based and measured by number of tatami mats that are used.

    3.Suffix on their names
    “-san”, “-kun” are used when calling other people as a sign of respect to their elder, same as on how we call out elder sister/brother by “ate” and “kuya”

    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?

    It is when Mr, Akiyama and Kanzaki tricked Mr. Fujisawa by revealing to him that they have arranged something to recover the money,and becuase of that , they made him stayed inside of his house which is the plan of Mr. Akiyama and they are the cause of why Mr. Fujisawa experienced mental anxiety.

    C.Japanese Culture present on our culture

    Respect

    We show respect to our elders like Japanese people do. Instead of bowing, we make “mano”, respond with “po” or “opo” to our elders, say “ate” or “kuya” with or elder brothers and sisters

  • Camille Macalalad

    Macalalad, Camille M.
    ARC 132

    A.
    Honorific Suffixes
    The Japanese language uses a broad array of honorific suffixes for addressing or referring to people. These honorifics attach to the end of people’s names, as in Lucy-san where the honorific -san is attached to the name Lucy. These honorifics are often gender-neutral, but some imply a more endearing context (such as -chan) while others imply a more revering one (such as -kun). These are often used along with other forms of Japanese honorific speech, keigo, such as that used in conjugating verbs.
    When Nao Kanzaki calls Mr. Fujisawa-san.

    Bowing
    Bowing (also called stooping) is the act of lowering the torso and head as a social gesture in direction to another person or symbol. Bowing in Japan may be used as a greeting, introduction, show of respect or apology.
    When Nao Kanzaki greets Mr. Fujisawa then bow to him and vice versa.

    Mamachari
    The mamachari (bicycle) is a cultural icon, it’s the Japanese equivalent of the family station wagon. Its the family workhorse used on shopping runs, for riding to the local station, taking the kids to school or picking them up from sports practice. Without it families around the country would be in a right pickle.
    They usually use it for their transportation.

    B.
    Cognitive dissonance is when Nao Kanzaki and Mr. Akiyama artifice Mr. Fujisawa by always checking on him and the vault with yen inside his house that causes Mr. Fujisawa suffer from anxiety or stress.

    C.
    -like filipinos using ate or kuya, bless and other to respect others, japanese is also respectful they also bow and use honorific prefixes like san, chan, kun to regard someone they really dont know or someone is older than them.

    -to maintain the cleanliness in their house they prefer to remove their footwear before entering the house like the filipinos does specially when you are a visitor and it is also a sign of respect to the owner of the house.

  • April katharin boral

    April Katharine Boral
    ARC132

    A. Give three (3) district Japanese cultures from the 1st three episodes you saw. Name the particular scene.
    1. Bowing head – the most important in the Japanese culture it can be used for introductions appreciation, apologies, and greetings.
    Scene : when Nao Kanzaki pleasing ( bowing ) Akiyama shinichi to help her.
    2. Japanese Honorifics – addressing or referring to someone it attach at the end of their names. example of this are -san, -kun, -chan
    Scene : when Nao Kanzaki calls Mr. Fujiwara to keep her money safe.
    3. Chopsticks – these shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as the traditional ancient kitchen and eating utensils in virtually all of East Asia for over 6000 years.
    Scene : when Mr. Fujiwara eat noodles by using chopsticks and locked at his room.
    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against Mr. fujiwara?
    – Cognitive dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujiwara because he did not want to win his opponent and only thinks about winning. By threatening from Shinichi his mind became conscious and attentive.
    C. What japanese culture you saw are present in our culture?
    1. Japanese honorifics and filipino honorifics like japanese their -san or -kun ,filipino always use such ate, kuya, manong, and manang to respect elder and sayin po and opo.
    2. the footwear was always place at the outside before entering house. because we are intended to make our house clean and neat.

  • Jelo de Leon

    DE LEON, JELO M.
    ARC-132

    3 distinct Japanese Culture

    TATAMI MATS were used in Nao kanzaki’s house. Tatami mats were usually found in japanese houses.

    Removing of footwear before entering a house is another trait of japanese people. Its a sign of respect to the owner of the house.

    Bowing of heads everytime they greet someone. Japanese were known to be very politeful and bowing is a sign of sincerity and gratitude.

    HOW WAS COGNITIVE DISSONANCE EFFECTIVELY USED AGAINST FUJISAWA?

    It is when Kanzaki and Akiyama fooled Fujisawa by revealing that they do something to recover the big money, and because of that, they made him stay inside the house and it caused him a mental anxiety

    JAPANESE CULTURE PRESENT ON OUR CULTURE

    Calling names like kuya,ate,tito,tita, etc.. as a sign of respect for the elders. Just like in japan. And by doing “mano”, the counterpart of bowing in japanese culture; also a sign of respect

  • Kristianna Ajes

    AJES, MA. KRISTIANNA E. – ARC 132

    A. Three (3) Distinct Japanese Culture
    1) Architecture. The Japanese provides setback in building their homes meaning they have it in their respective lots for road widening if the government plans to. As seen on the movie, setbacks were turned to gardens that includes also in one of their culture, the green architecture.

    2) Bowing of heads. It is sign of respect in Japan. People greet each other with this kind of culture.

    3) Tatami Floor Mats. It is a material that is used for floors of Japanese style rooms.

    B. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?
    The two protagonists, Mr. Akiyama and Ms. Kanzaki is obrserving Mr. Fujisawa everyday. Mr. Fujisawa is uncomfortable in thinking and hiding the money and at the same time in waiting on the exact date of announcement of winners.

    C.Japanese Culture present on Philippine Culture
    1) Respect. In Japan, bowing of heads is one way to respect an individual. In Philippines, we used “po” and “opo” to the elderly and we also practiced “pagmamano”.

    2) Removing of shoes when entering a house. Both Japanese and Filipinos remove their shoes as a sign of respect to the owner when entering to his house.

  • Cheska Mallari

    Mallari, Francesca Louise P. (ARC 132)

    A. 3 District Japanese Culture in the movie of Liar Game

    1.) bowing- (Kanzaki Nao Sama bowed to show respect when she went to the police station, to Fujisawa Sensei’s house and Akiyama, also in the scene where dealer Leronira introduced himself in the video to Nao Sama, he bowed before giving her the rules of the game.)
    In the Japanese bow, the bower expresses appreciation and respect to the person being bowed to by bending at the waist. This is a gesture widely used in tandem with greetings like ohayo gozaimasu or goodmorning and konnichi wa or hello, goodafternnon as well as words of gratitude or apology.
    2.) Hyosatsu or Name Plate outside the house- in the scene of Mr. Fujisawa’s House. Many houses in Japan share the exact same address just like we do with our neigbour, the only difference between us and next door is our name – thus folks need to have a name plate outside the house to make sure the mail get delivered to their correct owners.
    3.) Tatami Mat- it can be seen inside Nao Sama and Fujisawa’s House, specifically in their living room, or in front of the TV. Tatami is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms.

    B. how was cognitive Dissonance used against Mr. Fujisawa?
    -Mr. Fujisawa tricked Nao Sama and told her that he’ll keep the money safe with him so that the money wouldn’t be stolen from Nao sama, because he knew that Nao Sama is honest and she easily trust everyone. When Nao Sama found out the plan of Mr. Fujisawa, she then changes her attitude towards the situation and even hired Akiyama to help her get all the money from Mr, Fujisawa. The sudden change of her attitude made Mr. Fujisawa uncomfortable and threatened.

    C. What Japanese Culture you saw are present in our situation?
    – Bowing in japanese are almost the same here in the Philippines when we see someone older than us we bless or “mano” to give respect. or when we visit our friends house we always greet them with respect.
    – removing of shoes before entering the house are same here in the Philippines. Filipinos are known to be shy when entering someone’s house and the act of removing their shoes is a sign of respect to the owner of the house.

  • Christian Baniqued

    Baniqued, Christian Cynel S. (ARC 132)
    A.
    Bowing
    – In the Japanese bow, the bower expresses appreciation and respect to the person being bowed to by bending at the waist. This is a gesture widely used in tandem with greetings like “ohayo gozaimasu” (good morning) and “konnichi wa” (hello, good afternoon) as well as words of gratitude or apology.

    Tatami
    -A tatami is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms. Traditionally made using rice straw to form the core, the cores of contemporary tatami are sometimes composed of compressed wood chip boards or polystyrene foam. They also absorb heat very well so tatami rooms are usually cooler than rooms with traditional wood flooring.

    Mamachari
    – is a typical Japanese mash up of the words mama, meaning mother and chari, a less polite word for bicycle. They’re a common sight on the hilly streets of Tokyo, where “mamachari” bikes with baskets and kid seats over the wheels are the norm. eneloop electric hybrid bicycles whose lithium ion batteries can recharge while the bike is being pedaled on level terrain.

    B.
    Cognitive Dissonance is a psychological conflict resulting from incongruous beliefs and attitudes held simultaneously. There are some parts of the show that has a Cognitive Dissonance. It is when Mr, Akiyama and Kanzaki tricked Mr. Fujisawa by showing to him that they have planned something to get back the money,and because of that , they made Mr. Fujisawa to stay on his house which is planned by Mr. Akiyama and because of that Mr. Fujisawa experienced mental anxiety.
    C.
    -Filipinos used to be polite and hospitable in their houses like Japanese we also have our different type in showing respect we have the “Mano po” most of the Filipinos are using it when they are home or seeing elderly people.
    -Filipinos are used to be known as “mahiyain” for example here is one Japanese trait that we have we leave are shoes outside the house or in the porch of the house when we are visiting a house that is a form of showing respect to the owner of the house.

  • RC Centura

    Centura, Raymond Charles A.
    ARC132

    A. Three Distinct Japanese Cultures.

    1.) Bowing (Nao Kanzaki bowing to the Police officer, to Akiyama Shinichi and to Mr. Fujisawa.)
    – It is sign of respect in Japan. People greet each other with this kind of culture.

    2.) Mama Chari (The transportation used by the police officer.)
    – A slang term literally meaning “mom’s bike,” are Japan’s ubiquitous city bicycles. Featuring baskets and, often, child seats, these utilitarian machines are mainstays for a slew of errands, including hauling groceries and ferrying children around the neighborhood. Their reliability has also made them popular transport for commuters heading to the train station and students going to school. Even office workers can be seen traversing business districts on their trusty mamachari.

    3.) Tatami Mats (Flooring used on Nao Kanzaki and Mr. Fujisawa’s House.)
    – A tatami is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms.

    B. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?

    – When Nao Kanzaki & Akiyama Shinichi planned to observe Mr. Fujisawa from time to time that made him uncomfortable. Mr. Fujisawa experienced psychological stress and fear of losing the game, that made Mr. Fujisawa changed his behavior.

    C. Japanese Culture present on Philippine Culture.

    1.) Being Respectful.
    -In Japan they bow to show respect and they add honorifics like “-san”, “-chan”, and “-kun”. In the Philippines, We “mano” to the elderly to show respect and we call other people “Ate” and “Kuya” even if we don’t know them. Also, Filipinos always uses the words “po” and “opo” sho show respect to the person we’re talking.

    2.) Removing of slippers or shoes when entering someone’s house.
    -Both in Japan and in the Philippines removes their slippers or shoes when entering someone’s home. It’s a sign of respect to the owner.

  • Cristina J. Asumbrado

    ASUMBRADO, CRISTINA J.
    MAR141

    A. Give three (3) distinct Japanese Culture from the episode. Name that particular scene.
    1. Bowing- Every time Japanese people see/ greet each other, they always bow as a sign of their respect. Even in saying thank you, goodbye and apologize they always incorporate this with a bow. Kanyaki Nao has innocent looking character always bow every time she approach her co game participant.
    2. Food- Japanese food are considered to be one of the finest and elegant looking cuisine because they present their food sophisticatedly. The scene where the game participants have 6 hours to think for their final vote, the game organizer provided them food. These foods are presented and displayed beautifully and their food are cooked, prepared and displayed differently. They also have their own way to eat their food, which is by using chopsticks as their utensils.
    3. Honorifics- Japanese people are very respectful that can be shown on how they address people by their name because they incorporate additional words in these names according to their labels. Like “san, kun, chan and sana”. Most of the scene in liar game proved this culture most especially when kanzaki Nao approach her co game participant.

    B. How was Cognitive dissonance affectively used in the Minority Rule?
    -Minority Rule is a game where questions are asked by one of the participant that can be answered by yes or no. The lesser he number of people voted in the choices will win then the majority will lose. For Example, “I am a guy right?” the guys know that they are guy but the majority involved in this game are guy so the struggle here is either they answer truthfully that could make him lose or answer the opposite that could make him win. The cognitive dissonance here is when a game participant’s behavior conflicts with beliefs that are integral to his or her self-identity.

    C. What Japanese Culture you saw are present in our country/culture, name at least 2.
    1. Respect- Even though we don’t show it by bowing, we still show our respect by saying po and opo. While pagmamano in action.
    2. Honorifics- Filipino honorifics are quite different from Japanese honorifics but have the same purpose since we address people based on their labels/role in our life like “kuya, ate, ale/aling, manong and etc.”

  • Keem Crisostomo

    Crisostomo,Kimberly Joy V. (MAR141)

    A.) 3 distinct Japanese Culture
    •Bowing of heads as a sign of respect and greetings.In the liar game, Leronira bowed to Nao Sama before introducing her the rules of the game.
    •Tatami mats are a kind of rush flooring used in traditional Japanese homes and it can be seen in the house of Nao Kanzaki.
    •Chopsticks are shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as the traditional ancient kitchen and eating utensils in virtually all of East Asie for over 6000 years. In the liar game, Mr. Fujiwara ate his noodles using chopsticks.

    B.)Effective Cognitive Dissonance
    When people are confronted with information that is obsolete to their expectation, it creates a conflict with their beliefs. In order to make peace with that environment they change their beliefs. Fujisawa shows them the safe expectation than akiyama and Nao.

    C.) 2 similarities of Philippines and Japan culture
    •Removing of shoes/slippers before entering the house.
    •Both Japanese and Filipinos prefer eating rice three times a day.

  • Luis Madrilejos

    MADRILEJOS, LUIS NICOLO V.
    ARC 132

    I. Three (3) distinct Japanese culture:
    1. Bowing – Japanese people tends to bow whenever they greet someone. It is also a sign of respect in Japan.
    2. Tatami Mats – This type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms.
    3. Suffixes – In Japan, people used suffixes like “-san”, “-kun” and “-sama” as a sign of respect to their elder.

    II. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?
    – First Cognitive Dissonance is the mental discomfort (psychological stress) experienced by a person who simultaneously holds two or more contradictory beliefs, ideas, or values. It is evident in the scene when Akiyama told Mr. Fujisawa that they have a plan to steal the 200 million yen that he possesses and for them to win the first round. This action of Akiyama put Mr. Fujisawa in cognitive dissonance thus it help Akiyama and Kanzaki figure out that Mr. Fujisawa is hiding the money in his house instead in the bank.

    III. Two (2) Japanese culture present in our culture:
    1. Removing of shoes before entering the house – Here in the Philippines we also practice that kind of culture, it is a sign of respect to the owner of the house.
    2. Bowing – Here in the Philippines instead of bowing to give respect to the elderly, we bless or “nagmamano” to give respect.

  • Amador, Ma. Angelica D.

    MAR141
    1.a. The use of chopsticks. The scene where the players have the chance to eat before the game starts, Mr. Akiyama was using chopsticks to eat.
    b. Bending of head and/or body. It can be seen everytime in the movie whenever the characters will say thank you or will agree to the person they are talking. Specifically, the scene where Nao look at Akiyama to ask for permission if she should tell the reasons to their team members on why they are forming team and why they chose only men. On that part, Akiyama bow his head to show that he agrees on Nao.
    c. Mask. The dealer on the game wear mask to hide his face. Mask in Japan is very different compared to the masks used around the world.

    2. Cognitive dissonance effect was seen on the way the players answered each questions. They do not pay attention on what is the right or wrong answer but on what is the least answer. For example, on the trial round the question asked was if they are a boy. The total players are 22, girls are only 9 (if my memory serves me right) because of the minority rule even guys know that the answer to the question is “yes” they will still answer “no” because they believed that answering yes will lead them with a debt of hundred million.

    3. a. The bow of head, it is also used here in the Philippines and also a part of our culture. We also use it as a way of agreeing.
    b. Board games. In the movie, the board was used to explain the strategy they will play. Asian countries is actually fond of playing board games. It is part of habit or pass time.

  • Lim, Andrea Joyce P.

    Lim, Andrea Joyce P.
    MAR 141

    1. 3 distinct Japanese Culture
    A. Honorific – The Japanese language uses a broad array of honorific suffixes for addressing or referring to people. These honorifics attach to the end of0 people’s names like san chan and kun. Everytime kanzaki nao talk to akiyama she always call him akiyama-san as a sign of respect.
    B. Bowing – In Japan, people greet each other by bowing. It is also used to thank, apologize, make a request or ask someone a favor. When akiyama was released in prison and kanzaki nao approach him asking for help. when akiyama agreed in helping her then she bowed right away to show gratitude.
    C. Cherry blossom- flower symbolism plays a vital role in Japanese art, literature and everyday life. Cherry blossom is the most popular flower symbol in Japan. It is a symbol of wabi-sabi, an important world view in Japan relating to the acceptance of transience and imperfection, as well as gentleness and kindness. The very first scene of the drama where kanzaki is standing with the background of cherry blossom.

    2.Effective Cognitive Dissonance
    Minority rule is a game where the chosen participant will asked question that can be answer by yes or no where the lesser number of vote will declare winner and the most number of votes will lose. In the scene where members are choosing between playing it individually and joining a team. If you choose to play it individually and became a winner you can claim the whole prize. But if you join a team, where one of your team member declared as a winner, you are assured that you team will split the money and pay your debt. The cognitive dissonance here is the conflict of choosing between the choices because of the pressure or uncertainty of winning the cash prize.

    3. similarities of Philippines and Japan culture
    A. Honorific – in the Philippines, we use Mr., Ms., Mrs. + their surname in addressing until they are allowed to call them by their name or nickname.
    B. Greetings – Japanese usually bows to their elders but Filipino’s hug handshake and “mano” to show their respect.

  • James Victor D. Tabajonda

    Tabajonda, James Victor D. (MAR141)

    A.) 3 distinct Japanese culture

    1. Bowing of heads to show respect and greetings. Before introducing Nao Sama to the rules of the game, Learning leronira bowed her head before him.
    2. Chopsticks are two pair of sticks with equal length have been used as eating utensils mostly in East Asia for thousand of years in the movie liar game. Mr. Fujiwara ate his noodles by using chopsticks
    3. Wearing of yukata/kimono is mostly worn by the japanese people in the movie, Most of its characters are wearing kimono.

    B.) Effective Cognitive Dissonance

    This is when people have a tendency to seek consistency among their beliefs or opinions, When these people are confronted with informations which differs to their expectation, It creates an inconsistency in their belief or opinions. So in order to commumicate well with the environment they shift their beliefs.

    C.) 2 Similarities of Philippines and Japan culture.

    1. Bowing of heads
    2. Wearing yukata/kimono

  • Rodenas, Toni (MAR141)

    Rodenas, Toni (MAR141)

    A. 3 Distinct Japanese Culture

    1. Bowing of Head
    Japanese people greet each other by bowing as a sign of respect. A deeper and longer bow indicates more respect.
    – when Nao is asking Akiyama to help her.

    3. Chopsticks – these shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as the traditional ancient kitchen and eating utensils in virtually all of East Asia for over 6000 years.
    – when Fujiwara-san ate noodles at his room

    3. Suffix on their names or honorifics
    using ~san ,~kun , ~chan and ~sama. … Honorifics are gender-neutral and can be attached to first names as well as surnames. When addressing or referring to someone by name in Japanese, an honorific suffix is usually used with the name.
    – when Nao approached akiyama-san at the beginning of the game

    B.
    In minority rule there’s no right or wrong answer you just have to vote for the least outcome. They only care about the least answer. Saying yes even if its against your will because they have to deal with a big debt if they lose.

    C.

    -cleanliness is important to them just like Filipinos they remove their slippers or shoes before entering the house
    -like Japanese us Filipinos use ate or kuya. Japanese use prefixes like san, chan, kun to regard someone they really dont know or someone is older than them.

  • John Jev

    Sablaya, John Jev C.
    MAR141

    A.) 3 distinct Japanes Culture

    1. Food – these foods are presented and displayed beautifully and their food are cooked, prepared and displayed differently. They also have their own way to eat their food, which is by using chopsticks as their utensils.

    2. Chopsticks – these shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as the traditional ancient kitchen and eating utensils in virtually all of East Asia for over 6000 years.

    3. Tatami – is a mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms. Traditionally made using rice straw to form the core, the cores of contemporary tatami are sometimes composed of compressed wood chip boards or polystyrene foam.

    B.) Effective Cognitive Dissonance

    Minority Rule is a game where questions are asked by one of the participant that can be answered by yes or no. The lesser he number of people voted in the choices will win then the majority will lose.

    C.) 2 Similarities of Philippines and Japan culture.

    1. Eat together
    2. Helping each other

  • Maurine Naz

    NAZ, ANNA MAURINE D.
    MAR141

    A. Give 3 distinct Japanese culture from the episode. Name that particular scene.
    1. Bowing – Japan has a rich tradition of bowing for greetings, rituals, ceremonies and apology. There are several styles of bow that range from a casual greeting to a sincere and dramatic apology. When Nao Kanzaki apologize to Akiyama Shinichi.
    2. Honorific suffixes – For addressing or referring to people. They use the honorifics at the end of the people’s names. Like the way Nao Kanzaki call Akayami-san when they are talking. Also, like how Yuu Tsukahara calls Nao Kanzaki as Nao-chan.
    3. Japanese Masks – Japanese masks are used traditionally in theater, festivals or rituals. They are connected to folk myths and tails. Masks represent people, creatures, devil, ghosts, and animals. The man that ware masks in the screen who give the minority rules to the players.

    B. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?
    Minority Rule is a game that the questions is can only answer Yes or No. They must vote for the answer that they believe that answer will be in minority not in majority. Because these rule the minority will be the winner. For example, “Are you a woman?” the girls will think that they going to win but the boys will vote yes even though they are not woman because the number of girls is fewer than the number of boys. This game can the players can deceive others to win the game.

    C. What Japanese Culture you saw is present in our Culture or Country? Name at least two.
    1. Honorifics – For Philippine honorifics differ from person to person like the occasional insertion of the word po or ho in conversation. We address people depending on the relation of that person to you like “Ate, Kuya, Ginang/Manang/Madam, Ginoo and Manong.
    2. Bowing – In Japan, they bow for greetings or apology. Here in Philippines we did not bow but “nagmamano” for respect to elderly.

  • Raymund Anthony R. De Vera

    DE VERA, RAYMUND ANTHONY R.
    BSBA-FIN MNGT
    MAR141

    1. Give at least 3 distinct Japanese cultures from the episode. Name that particular scene.
    A. Bowing – In Japan, bowing expresses appreciation and respect to the person you are bowing to.
    It is also a way of saying hello or goodbye to someone. This can be seen when Nao and Fujisawa
    greeted each other Good Night by the stairs.
    B. Chopsticks – Chopsticks is also a common utensil for other Asian countries like China, Korea, etc.
    Chopsticks can be seen during when the players are eating while waiting during the game.
    C. The use of suffix “san” to someone’s name is also considered respectful in Japan. This can be seen
    when Nao was surprised to see that Akiyama will join the game and he calls him “Akiyama-san”.

    2. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?
    – Cognitive Dissonance means mental discomfort and the consequence of one’s actions that
    contradicts his beliefs, ideas and values. This can be seen in the reaction of Fujisawa when he
    reveals himself as “X” and he taught that he tricked everyone by forming groups with others
    until he learned that Akiyama already knew his tactics in the game and his true identity.

    3. What Japanese culture you saw are present in our culture / country? Name at least 2.
    A. If the Japanese people are bowing as a sign of respect, we as Filipinos, we always do
    the “Mano Po” and “Po at Opo” towards older people as a sign of respect.
    B. For both Japanese and Filipinos, they both have their own superstitions in utensils
    during meals.

  • Joyce Suva Bibal

    Bibal, Joyce Anne S.
    MAR141

    A. Three distinct Japanese Culture

    Bowing of head – Japanese bow their heads as a sign of respect and greetings. In addition to that they bow their heads to say thank you or if you agree to someone’s opinion. In the scene where they formed a team and while they’re having a meeting, Nao wants to tell to the team why she only recruited boys, so she look at Akiyama (it is a sign of asking permission), Akiyama bowed his head and that is a sign that he agreed on what Nao wanted to say.

    Japanese Honorific – suffixes when they are addressing or referring to people, they use san and kun. Throughout the movie you’ll observe that they’re always using it particularly when Nao approached her co player to say something.

    Chopsticks – this is the traditional eating utensils used by the Japanese. In the movie, the players are allowed to eat while they’re making decisions and before the game started. Akiyama was using chopsticks while he’s eating.

    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?

    Cognitive dissonance was effectively used especially when the players think if they will answer yes or no. The Minority Rule is game wherein the players will only choose to answer between yes or no, the least number of vote will remain on the game and others have to pay a debt. On the trial game, when someone ask “Are you a girl?”, there’s a 9 girls and 11 boys playing, cognitive dissonance will be present here because the player will be having a psychological conflict.

    C. What Japanese Cultures you saw are present in our country?

    Respect – Japanese bow their heads as a sign of respect. In Philippines, we do “Mano or pagmamano” to show our respect to elders.

    Japanese Honorific – In Japan they’re using San and Kun to address someone. In Philippines, Ate and Kuya are being used if you are addressing or referring to someone older than you.

  • Joshua Escanilla

    Escanilla, Joshua R.
    MAR141

    1. Three distinct Japanese culture

    A.Japanese respect gesture- ( the scene when nao kanzaki went to the police station she bowed her head in order to show the respect to the supreme). In Japanese culture bowing the head is a sign of respect and politely especially to the elders and superior.

    B. Japanese mask tradition- ( leronira is the masked man and one of the host of the liar game). In japanese culture Japanese masks are used traditionally in theater, festivals or rituals. They are connected to folk myths and tails.

    C. Japanese hairstyle for men- ( Akiyama shinichi and other male character with long hairstyle because in Japanese culture, long hairstyle for men is one of the common haircut in Japanese culture so they are comfortable with this haircut.

    2. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in minority role
    When Akiyama’s plan looks like it might be working. Nao still doesn’t quite understand what is going on and time is running on out on their chance to get the money back. Akiyama is still confident though. He explains to Nao the psychology principle behind his action.

    3. Japanese culture I saw are present in our culture
    1. Greetings- in Philippine culture we do greetings especially to each other, when we interact with others, first we have to greet them at the first place.

    2. Respect gesture- in the Japanese culture they used to bow it’s the sign of respect from them but in Filipino culture we usually do mano which is the respect gesture of Filipino culture.

  • Lawrence Lean Bozar

    Lawrence Lean Bozar (MAR 141)

    A.
    Bowing
    – In the Japanese bow, the bower expresses appreciation and respect to the person being bowed to by bending at the waist. This is a gesture widely used in tandem with greetings like “ohayo gozaimasu” (good morning) and “konnichi wa” (hello, good afternoon) as well as words of gratitude or apology.

    Chopsticks are shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as the traditional ancient kitchen and eating utensils in virtually all of East Asie for over 6000 years. In the liar game, Mr. Fujiwara ate his noodles using chopsticks.

    Japanese Honorifics – addressing or referring to someone it attach at the end of their names. example of this are -san, -kun, -chan

    B

    When people interact with each other , the have differences but same goal to win but each of them have perceptions in different things but the pressure is there mentally, logically, physically and belief. It’s the matter of how you lie and how you handle things Nao shows the obvious Mr. Fujirawa has a mask to cover his identity.

    C
    2 similarities of Philippines and Japan culture
    Removing of shoes/slippers before entering the house.(in every house we visit we use to do this)

    •Both Japanese and Filipinos prefer eating rice three times a day.

  • Vicky B. Pinca

    Vicky B. Pinca
    MAR141
    A. 3 distinct Japanes Culture

    Bowing- In the Japanese bow, the bower expresses appreciation and respect to the person being bowed to by bending at the waist. This is a gesture widely used in tandem with greetings like “ohayo gozaimasu” (good morning) and “konnichi wa” (hello, good afternoon) as well as words of gratitude or apology.

    Chopsticks – these shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as the traditional ancient kitchen and eating utensils in virtually all of East Asia for over 6000 years. To use chopsticks, the lower chopstick is stationary, and rests at the base of the thumb, and between the ring finger and middle finger.

    Japanese suffixes for names – “SAN” The most common formal honorific is -san, and it translates (approximately) to Ms. and Mr.

    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?

    Cognitive Dissonance
    Cognitive dissonance refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs or behaviors. This produces a feeling of discomfort leading to an alteration in one of the attitudes, beliefs or behaviors to reduce the discomfort and restore balance. It is effectively used in the scene that the questions is “are you a girl?”, other players answer “yes” even if they are not girl because in minority rule the least number of vote will remain in the game and the other players vote for “no”. That’s when the cognitive dissonance comes in when the conflict of attitude and beliefs.

    C. What Japanese Culture you saw is present in our Culture or Country? Name at least two.

    Japanese suffixes for names – here in the Philippines, of we dont know the name of the person we call the kuya, ate, manang, manong and Ms. or Mr.

    Bowing – in the Philippines we show are respect to others in saying “po” and “opo”.

  • Bench Tenorio

    A. Three distinct Japanese culture

    Bowing of Head- Japanese have a culture where they are bowing their head to greet and to show respect. It is also a sign of acknowledgement of an opinion. In the movie when Nao told his teammate about his reason why he wanted to recruit the boys then a boy named Akiyama nod his to head as a sign of acknowledgement to Nao’s opinion.
    Chopticks- Japanese uses chopticks as their utensils. There is a scene in the movie where they are using chopticks in eating.
    Japanese Honorific- Japanese uses suffixes like san and kun in addressing people. While watching the movie I’ve observed that actors are using san and kun in addressing their co players.
    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the minority rule?
    Cognitive dissonance is used to know on how players will answer between yes or no. In the movie entitled Liar game there is a game called Minority Rule where in players will only answer yes or no. the least number of vote will remain in the game while other needs to pay for the dept. there is a part in the movie wherein they were asked if they are girl. There is about nine girls and eleven boys that are playing in this is a good example of cognitive dissonance because players will tendency to have a psychological tendency.
    C. What Japanese culture you saw are present in our country.

    There are lots of traditions or culture of Japanese that we have one of these is how we respect other. We have our own version of their bowing or nodding their heads and that is a “Pagmamano”. Pagmamano is a type of showing respect by getting the hands of the elder and put it in our forehead. We also show our respect for others by using Po and Opo while talking to them.

    Tenorio, Mark Reuben L.
    Mar141

  • Alvis Guntan

    Guntan, John Alvis
    MAR141

    1. Give at least 3 distinct Japanese cultures from the episode. Name that particular scene.

    a) Chopsticks – utensils also used by any other Asian countries like China, Korea, etc.
    Chopsticks has been seen during the players are eating while waiting for the game.
    b) Bowing – In Japan, it expresses gratitude and respect towards a person.
    It is also a way of saying hello or goodbye to someone. This bowing scene is when Nao and Fujisawa greeted each other “Good Night” by the stairs.
    c) The use of suffix “san” to someone’s name is also considered respectful in Japan. This can be seen when Nao was surprised to see that Akiyama will join the game and he calls him “Akiyama-san”.

    2. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?
    – Cognitive Dissonance – mental discomfort and the consequence of one’s actions that
    contradicts his beliefs, ideas and values. Cognitive dissonance was indicated in the reaction of Fujisawa when he reveals himself as “X” and he taught that he tricked everyone by forming groups with others until he found out that Akiyama already knew his maneuver in the game and the truth about his identity.

    3. What Japanese culture you saw are present in our culture / country? Name at least 2.

    A. the use of chopsticks, of course.
    B. Bow – until this time they still do this as the sign of gratitude and respect.

  • Rinzele Cantuba

    Cantuba, Ma. Rinzele L.
    Mar 141

    A. 3 Distinct Japanese Cultures:
    1. Japanese Honorifics
    Keigo (敬語) is used in Japanese everyday conversations These honorifics are attached to the end of people’s names like “san” “chan” and “kun”. In the Liar Game, every time Shinichi Akiyama calls Kanzaki Nao he uses honorifics by calling her Nao-chan and she also does the same by calling him Akiyama-san. Mostly, all of the characters use honorifics when talking with each other.

    2. Japanese Gesture (Bowing)
    In the Japanese bow, the bower expresses appreciation and respect to the person being bowed to by bending at the waist. This is a gesture widely used in tandem with greetings like “ohayo gozaimasu” (good morning) and “konnichi wa” (hello, good afternoon) as well as words of gratitude or apology.

    3. Japanese Mask Tradition
    In the Liar Game, “Leronira” was the person behind the screen wearing a mask who talks about the rules in the game. In Japanese culture Japanese masks are used traditionally in theater, festivals or rituals that are mostly connected to folk myths and tails.

    B. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?
    The Cognitive Dissonance was effectively used in the Minority Rule in the last part of the Round 2 of Liar Game which is the Minority Game wherein it is a game for 22 individual players consisting of an answerable yes or no questions and the winner is composed of Minority players but in the last round 2 people voted for YES and the other 2 people voted for NO which makes the round Invalid but Tsukahara argued that he should’ve one the game because of his brilliant strategies but Akiyama explained the reasons why Tsukahara’s plan to deceive the game played.

    C. 2 Japanese Cultures that are present in our culture/country?
    Honorifics
    Just like in Japan, people here in the Philippines also use honorifics like “po” and “opo” when talking with older people as a sign of respect.
    Gesture
    Just like in Japan, people here in the Philippines also use gesture like “pagmamano”, wherein we put the hands of older people onto our forehead as a sign of respect and we usually use this when we are going somewhere else or if we just got home.

  • Emmanuel Daniel Fortis

    Fortis, Emmanuel Daniel B.
    MAR141
    a. 3 Distinct Japanese Cultures
    • Chopsticks- Japanese usually used chopsticks as their utensils to eat. In the series, there’s a scene wherein they were given 6 hours to decide on what they will choose between yes or no and while deciding on that they are eating using chopsticks.
    • Bowing of head- It is a sign of respect for Japanese like greeting each other.
    • Japanese Honorific- ‘’SAN’’ is the common honorific word to address the common masses. In the series, each people used the word ‘’SAN’’ to everybody equivalent to the word “Mr. & Ms.’’ In English.
    b. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?
    • Cognitive dissonance is a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs or behaviors. In the series, the game is about minority rule, meaning the least number who vote for either yes or no will advance to the next round and the most number of votes in either yes or no will end their journey to the game. In this type of situation, people who join in the game will work their mind and behavior on thinking how they can win this game.
    c. What Japanese Culture you saw are present in our culture/country?
    • Bowing- Japanese show respect to other people by bowing their heads while here in the Philippines, we Filipinos make mano to adult people and say po and opo as a show of respect to them.
    • Food- Japanese mostly loves to eat fish related foods. Here in the Philippines, most people also loves to eat fish.

  • Christine Joy Coronel

    A. What are the three distinct Japanese Culture in the Episode? Name that patticukar scene.

    1. Respect/Proper Etiquette (Bowing) is probably the feature of Japanese etiquette that is best known outside. Bowing is considered extremely important in Japan, so much so that, although children normally begin learning how to bow from a very young age. ( The characters used the proper etiquette of giving respect to others which is bowing)
    2. Chopsticks – Chopsticks are shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as the traditional ancient kitchen and eating utensils in virtually all of East Asia for over 6000 years. (Most of the 22 players in the game used chopstick as their utensil in eating food)
    3. Mask – Japanese masks are used traditionally in theater, festivals or rituals. They are connected to folk myths and tails. Masks represent people, creatures, devil, ghosts, and animals. (In the Liar game one of the character use traditional mask to hide his/her face)

    B. The cognitive dissonance of the game is where all the paticipants are uncertain in their decisions they create and develop their answers to the common question being asked and whether they would choose the yes or a no by aiming to win the game.

    C. 2 similarities of Philippines and Japan culture.

    1. Respect/ Proper Etiquette – Japanese and Filipinos has similar culture which they give respect with each other for example in japanese. they used to bow their head as a sign of respect and to filipinos use the word “Po” and “Opo”, “Pagmamano to the elders which is a good example of proper etiquette.
    2. Beliefs (Pamahiin) – Japanese and Filipinos has the same belief while eating or having a meal for example: Meals in Japan traditionally begin with the phrase itadakimasu. The phrase is similar to “bon appétit”, or saying grace to give thanks before a meal. It is said to express gratitude for all who played a role in preparing, cultivating, ranchingor hunting the food. Filipinos has a good culture of praying before and after the meal where they give thanks to Almighty God by giving them grace everyday.

    Coronel, Christine Joy Lopez
    Mar141

  • Jan Ericson S. Castillo

    Castillo, Jan Ericson S.
    MAR141

    a.) Give three (3) distinct Japanese cultures from the episode. Name that particular scene.
    – Use of chopsticks when eating. Within the 6-hour allowed time to think of an answer, the players are seen eating using chopsticks while discussing with one another.
    – Bow as a sign of respect. This Japanese culture can be seen multiple times in the series. One example is when Nao bows her head in front of the game officials.
    – Japanese cuisine as part of their culture. There is a scene in the episode wherein there is a table full of Japanese foods.

    b.) How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the minority rule?
    – Cognitive dissonance is defined as the uncomfortable feeling after making a decision between two contraditing beliefs. After the results have been announced in the minority rule round, it is seen in the faces of the players that they should have chosen the other option rather than the one that they have initially chosen. And as a result, some of them ended up feeling upset because they were eliminated.

    c.) What Japanese culture you saw are present in our culture/country? Name at least two.
    – Japanese cuisines. Noodles, sushi, tempura and teriyaki are just some Japanese foods that are popular also in the Philippines.
    – The use of chopsticks. There are several Japanese restaurants here in the Philippines and you can either eat using chopsticks or spoon and fork.

  • Eloisa Penamante

    Penamante, Maria Eloisa R. (MAR141)

    1. Give 3 distinct Japanese culture from the episode. Name that particular scene.
    a.)Mask- Japanese masks are used traditionally in theater, festivals or rituals.
    They are connected to folk myths and tails.
    One of the hosts of the Liar Game, he wears an ornate mask over his face.
    b.) Bowing of head- is perhaps the best-known form of Japanese etiquette.
    Bowing can be used for introductions, appreciation, apologies, and greetings.
    When nao bowed to akiyama after he agreed to help her in the game.
    c.)Japanese Chopsticks- pair of sticks used in cooking and eating. It is made of wood, plastic and stainless steel.
    When players eat their food using chopsticks while waiting the game.
    2. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?
    The Minority rule have mechanics to follow, each player should answer the question every
    round in yes or no, so they have make to a strategy to stay and win the game.
    The Minority Rule change the actions of each player in the game because they manipulating
    others by talking to other players in the game about their plans to execute and lying, by hiding their own plans or pretending their intentions.
    But in the end of the game, the betrayal of one player does not affect the outcome of the situation because there is one player who never been manipulated by the antagonist.
    3. What Japanese Culture you saw are present in our Culture or Country? Name at least two.
    a.)Respect- Japanese take their shoes off before stepping inside, a polite way of showing respect to someone’s home.
    Filipinos knock on the door and asking if the person they want to see is there, before they just easily enter to someone’s house and they also remove their shoes before stepping inside of someone’s house like Japanese.
    b.)Food- Japanese tend to prepare a rice bowl and serve with a seafoods cooked in different ways. While Filipinos prepare many dishes in one meal and they always serve rice with it.

  • Mira Claire Cadena

    Cadena, Mira Claire B.
    MAR141

    A. Give three (3) distinct Japanese Culture from the episode. Name that particular scene.
    1. Bowing of head- Japanese known as politely and bowing is a sign of sincerity and gratitude. It shows respect to others and it is a sign of greeting others, thanking someone, apologizing, congratulating, and asking favors. When Nao Kanzaki pleasing and asking a favor to Akiyama shinichi to help her.
    2. Using Chopsticks as their utensils. The participants used chopstick when eating their meal.
    3. Honorifics- People used suffixes according to their label like “san”, “kun” and “sama” as a sign of respect to their elder. The way Nao Kanzaki talked to her co-players she always used suffixes.

    B. How was Cognitive dissonance affectively used in the Minority Rule?
    Cognitive dissonance refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs or behaviors. There was a scene that they randomly pick a person who will ask any question that answered by yes or no and each players will answer it. Whoever have a least vote will remain and for those who lose the game will be indebted. Each players must be critical thinker on their decision for them not to lose the Game.

    C. C. What Japanese Culture you saw are present in our country/culture, name at least 2
    1. In our country instead of bowing head to give respect, we do saying “po” and “opo” and “pagmamano”.
    2. In the Philippines we have also honorifics to give respects to elders according to their labels such as “ma’am/sir”, “ate/kuya”, “ale,manong” etc.

  • Luis Madrilejos

    I. Three (3) distinct Japanese culture:
    1. Bowing – Japanese people tends to bow whenever they greet someone. It is also a sign of respect in Japan.
    2. Tatami Mats – This type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms.
    3. Suffixes – In Japan, people used suffixes like “-san”, “-kun” and “-sama” as a sign of respect to their elder.

    II. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?
    – First Cognitive Dissonance is the mental discomfort (psychological stress) experienced by a person who simultaneously holds two or more contradictory beliefs, ideas, or values. It is evident in the scene when Akiyama told Mr. Fujisawa that they have a plan to steal the 200 million yen that he possesses and for them to win the first round. This action of Akiyama put Mr. Fujisawa in cognitive dissonance thus it help Akiyama and Kanzaki figure out that Mr. Fujisawa is hiding the money in his house instead in the bank.

    III. Two (2) Japanese culture present in our culture:
    1. Removing of shoes before entering the house – Here in the Philippines we also practice that kind of culture, it is a sign of respect to the owner of the house.
    2. Bowing – Here in the Philippines instead of bowing to give respect to the elderly, we bless or “nagmamano” to give respect.

  • Amador, Ma. Angelica D.

    1.a. The use of chopsticks. The scene where the players have the chance to eat before the game starts, Mr. Akiyama was using chopsticks to eat.
    b. Bending of head and/or body. It can be seen everytime in the movie whenever the characters will say thank you or will agree to the person they are talking. Specifically, the scene where Nao look at Akiyama to ask for permission if she should tell the reasons to their team members on why they are forming team and why they chose only men. On that part, Akiyama bow his head to show that he agrees on Nao.
    c. Mask. The dealer on the game wear mask to hide his face. Mask in Japan is very different compared to the masks used around the world.

    2. Cognitive dissonance effect was seen on the way the players answered each questions. They do not pay attention on what is the right or wrong answer but on what is the least answer. For example, on the trial round the question asked was if they are a boy. The total players are 22, girls are only 9 (if my memory serves me right) because of the minority rule even guys know that the answer to the question is “yes” they will still answer “no” because they believed that answering yes will lead them with a debt of hundred million.
    3. a. The bow of head, it is also used here in the Philippines and also a part of our culture. We also use it as a way of agreeing.
    b. Board games. In the movie, the board was used to explain the strategy they will play. Asian countries is actually fond of playing board games. It is part of habit or pass time.

  • Keannu Timog

    Timog, Keannu Ray M.
    Mar 141
    a.) Give three (3) distinct Japanese cultures from the episode. Name that particular scene.
    1. Bowing of heads to show respect- We can see all the time the bowing of heads in the series especially when nao greet her fellow participant in the contest.
    2. Using of chopsticks when eating- In the series they have a 6 hrs time limit before proceeding with the decision, all the participants use chopsticks.
    3. Japanese Honorific- When nao use the word “San” to show respect to others
    b.) How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?
    Cognitive dissonance is a unusual feeling because of not agreeing with what is usual or expected, so in minority rule akiyama use cognitive dissonance to manipulate the traitor fukunaga.
    c.) What Japanese culture you saw are present in our culture/country? Name at least two.
    1. The tradition of the Japanese to use honorific to show respect is also present in the Philippines. We use “ate” and “kuya” to show respect to others
    2. Showing of respect, in japan they bow their head and in the Philippines we do “Mano” to show respect

  • Edwin John Hao

    Hao, Edwin John F.
    Mar 141
    A) Give three (3) distinct Japanese cultures from the episode. Name that particular scene.
    1.Chopsticks- Japanese usually used chopsticks as their utensils to eat, In the series, Most of the players are eating while waiting for the game.
    2. Bowing- Expresses appreciation and respect to the person being bowed. Nao and Fujisawa greeted each other.
    3.Japanese Honoric- The use of ~san,~kun,~chan,and ~sama,. Japanese uses a broad array of Honoric suffixes for addressing or referring to people.
    B) How was Cognitive Dissonace effectively used in the Minority Rule?
    – The Cognitive Dissonace of the game is a tendency for individuals to seek consistency among their cognitions, Akiyama used cognitive dissonance to manipulate the traitor fukunaga.
    C) What Japanese culture you saw are present in our culture/country? Name at least two.
    -Chopsticks- Many filipinos used chopsticks, they want to be unique especially chinese,japanese,korean.
    -Respect (Bowing)- We show respect to other by bowing to the people who are old.

    Hao, Edwin John F.
    Mar141

  • Julian Canicon

    Canicon, Julian Paul T.
    ARC 132

    I. 3 distinct Japanese culture:

    a. Bowing of head – “Bowing in Japan may be used as a greeting, introduction, show of respect or apology.” (www.japan-talk.com, 2017)

    The protagonist, Kanzaki Nao bows her head to every person she meets.

    b. Taking-off slippers – “Wearing shoes in someone’s house or on tatami mats in public places is taboo in Japan.” (www.japan-talk.com, 2017)

    In the film, Kanzaki Nao took-off her shoes upon entering her former teacher’s home.

    c. Terms of Endearment – Used in Japan to refer people according to age and formality

    Used entirely in the episode during conversations.

    II. Cognitive dissonance

    By keeping Mr. Fujisawa on surveillance and stressing out that they would steal the money, Shinichi and Nao managed to manipulate him and thus affecting his mental composure and decision-making.

    III. Japanese culture in Filipino culture

    a. When visiting a house as a guest, footwear are often taken-off, unless permitted by the home-owner.

    b. It is considered impolite to have leftovers after eating. This culture is common in the Philippines and in Japan.

  • Darwin Amania

    amania,darwin G
    MAR141

    1.Chopsticks- Japanese usually used chopsticks as their utensils to eat, In the series, Most of the players are eating while waiting for the game. 2. Bowing of head – “Bowing in Japan may be used as a greeting, introduction, show of respect or apology.” 3.Honorifics- People used suffixes according to their label like “san”, “kun” and “sama” as a sign of respect to their elder.

    b.) How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the minority rule?
    – Cognitive dissonance is defined as the uncomfortable feeling after making

  • Carl Brian Co

    CARL BRIAN CO MAR 141

    3 Distinct Japanese culture
    a. using of chopstick as their utensils- they use chopstick in every scene when they are eating.
    b. bowing of head- it’s a sign or giving respect for japanese people
    c.Time management- they were given 6 hours to think efficiently for their answers. and yet time for them is so important.

    How was cognitive dissonance effectively used in the Minority Rule?

    – They were tricked by the questions which is answerable by yes or no. Even they want to answer with “yes”. They need to think thrice before they answer, because of the minority rule. Their answers will be influenced by the answer of others. for example my answer is yes, but the question is answerable by yes. so i need to change my answer to no. in order to belong in the minority vote.

    What Japanese culture you saw are present in our culture/country? Name at least two.

    1. showing respect with other people in japan they bow their head, but here in the philippines we used “pagmamano”
    2. using of chopstick when we eat to japanese, chinese and korean restaurant. even in chinese household.

  • Shelly Kate Macalinao

    1. a. Bowing of head- Japanese known as politely and bowing is a sign of sincerity and gratitude. It shows respect to others and it is a sign of greeting others, thanking someone, apologizing, congratulating, and asking favors. When Nao Kanzaki pleasing and asking a favor to Akiyama shinichi to help her.
    b. Using Chopsticks as their utensils. The participants used chopstick when eating their meal.
    c. Time management, when they are given time to think they make use it by talking to their ali and make strategy for the game.
    2. Cognitive dissonance is having a conflict in their mind. The liar game has only two option whether you win a billion dollar yen or lost and have a debt. Some of the participants are pressured wether they will answer yes or no the conflict in their mind is begin to grow. But as the story goes by everyone build their own team they are all confident that they earn money they are just calm and easy. They just trying to analyze things if their plan is still working.
    3. Japanese and Filipinos are very hospitable as I see in the show they always serves food to the participants. Another culture I observed that is very similar to every Filipino is using the honorifics such as san and kun where it is similar to the filipino where we use Ate and Kuya

  • Michael Rey Avecilla

    AVECILLA, MICHAEL REY
    ARC132

    a) Three distinct Japanese Culture:
    1. Japanese Custom of removing shoes/slippers before entering a house which based on
    their superstition: All the characters on the film were seen removing their shoes upon
    entering the house of Nao Kanzaki and Kazuo Fujisawa
    2. Japanese Gesture of respect using a “bow” or inclining a head: This gesture were used
    by the main character, Nao Kanzaki all the time when greeting other people.
    3. Using of Traditional Japanese furnitures like “Chabudai” or a short-legged table: The
    main antagonist Kazuo Fujisawa used this table when he’s eating while the Nao and
    Shinichi are observing him.

    b) Cognitive Dissonance was effectively used to Mr. Fujisawa by letting him know the main goal
    of the main characters without saying their actual plan. By this strategy, Mr. Fujisawa had a
    hard time thinking what he’s going to do because his move might let him lose.

    c) Japanese Culture that is present in Filipino Culture:
    1. Japanese Custom of removing shoes/slippers before entering a house
    2. Gesture of respect

  • Serge Tamayo

    I. 3 distinct Japanese culture:

    a. Bowing of head – is perhaps the best-known form of Japanese etiquette. Bowing is so important in Japan that most companies provide training to their employees on the right execution of the act. Also used to show respect, greeting, and apology.

    Like when Nao bowed to Akiyama after their agreement.

    b. Chopsticks – are used to eat most kinds of Japanese foods, with some exceptions.

    Japanese used chopsticks most of the time like when they are waiting for the game to start.

    c. In Japan, being on time is considered polite. To avoid being late, it is a good idea to look up locations prior to a certain event.

    2. Cognitive Dissonance

    -Cognitive dissonance: Humans, in general, feel uneasy when there’s dissonance between them and their external environment. And so, to cancel that uneasiness, they try to adapt with that environment.

    3. Japanese culture in Filipino culture

    – When visiting someone’s house Japanese and Filipinos used to take off their foot wears as a sign of respect to the owner’s.

    – Filipino and Japanese have a similar attitude in terms of showing respect to the elders, or to the other people. Filipino used to do “pagmamano” while Japanese used to bow. Filipino and Japanese have a similar kind of behavior but in a different way.

  • Kevin Miguel De Guzman

    De Guzman, Kevin Miguel C.
    Arc 132- Family Planning
    1. Give 3 distinct Japanese culture from the episode.
    1st, the use of chopsticks while eating. players were eating using chopsticks while talking to each other.
    2nd, the use of bow as a sign of respect to others. This is a proper etiquette for Japanese for it is important in Japan for showing respect, greetings and apologies.
    3rd, The removal of shoes or slippers before entering the house.

    cognitive disonance was used to Mr. Fujisawa by letting him know the goal of the characters without saying the specific plan. Mr. Fujisawa is thinking hard on how to do his move.

    japanese culture that is present in filipino culture:
    -Respect on others
    -Use of chopsticks in japanese nor chinese restaurants.

  • Arrianne de vera

    De Vera, Riziel Arrianne U.
    Sociology and Family Planning
    ARC132

    1. 3 distinct Japanese culture
    – bowing of head, a sign of respect or greeting
    – suffixes, using -san, -kun, as a sign of respect to their elders
    – tatami mats, used as flooring material

    2. How was cognitive dissonance effectively used against Mr. Fujisawa?
    – when Mr. Akiyama told Mr. Fujisawa about their plan to steal the 200 million yen. This is when Mr. Fujisawa started to panic and relaxed after days when he thought that he was being fooled by Mr. Akiyama. This helped them figure out where the money was hidden.

    3. Two Japanese culture present in our culture:
    – removing of shoes or slippers before going inside the house
    – bowing the head or “pagmamano” or kissing the hand of elderly as practiced here in our country

  • Cyril Jimenez

    Jimenez, Cyril Emerson L.
    MAR141

    A. Give three (3) distinct Japanese cultures from the episode. Name that particular scene.

    Chopsticks – Players are using chopsticks when they were eating.

    Bowing of head – When they bow their heads to show respect for others.

    Mask – Used traditionally in theater, festivals or rituals. (Jigsaw)

    B. How was Cognitive Dissonance effectively used in the minority rule?

    – When the question “Are you a girl?” was asked. Fukunaga thinks that all men are going to answer yes and women will answer no. He based the answers of players by their gender but the result was different from his expected outcome of the game.

    C. What Japanese culture you saw are present in our culture/country? Name atleast two.

    Being respectful
    Japanese – by bowing their heads
    Filipino – by performing a bless

    Accusing someone without an evidence, in Philippines it is called chismis. Haha

  • mila gida

    Gida Mila
    Mar 141
    1. 3 distinct Japanese culture
    a. Bowing of heads as a sign of respect or greetings
    b. The use of chopsticks of the players when they are eating.
    c. Honorifics- the use of san and kun as a sign of respect to elders.
    2. Cognitive dissonance is the feelings of discomfort that result from Holding two conflicting beliefs. People experience tension or discomfort when their beliefs or attitudes do not much their behavior. In the scene of Minority Game cognitive dissonance happen when Fujisawa revealed his true identity which is X and though that he trick them by forming another 3 groups and act normal to sure his win on the game but we was shocked when he learned that Akiyama already know his identity and plan at the first place that result a conflict from what he expected.
    3. Culture that Japanese and Filipinos are the same:
    A. Bowing of head- Japanese known for being polite and Bowing of head is a sign of sincerity and gratitude. Filipinos have a tradition where in we bow our head and do the “Mano” as a sign of respect to eldest.
    B. Honorifics- in Japanese they use san and kun as a respect to elder while Filipinos use ate and kuya as a respect to elder.

  • Maria Maise Ann Apigo

    APIGO, MARIA MAISE ANN D./MAR142/ SOCIOLOGY MQ2
    this article falls under the theory of Ethnocentrism

  • Jiselle Capillo

    JISELLE JOY CAPILLO
    ART APP
    ARC132
    MQ2
    depth of field